Countries across Europe considered new curbs on movement on Tuesday while US President Joe Biden appealed to all Americans to get vaccinated to fight the Omicron variant sweeping the world days before the second Christmas of the pandemic.
Omicron infections are multiplying across Europe, the United States and Asia, including in Japan, where a single cluster of COVID-19 cases at a military base has grown to at least 180.
“If you’re not fully vaccinated, you have good reason to be concerned,” Biden said at the White House, where he unveiled plans to buy 500 million rapid COVID-19 tests to be distributed for free to Americans who request them starting in January.
Striking a dire tone about the risks to the one in four American adults still unvaccinated, he said: “Your choice can be the difference between life and death.”
Biden also activated some 1,000 military medical personnel to support overwhelmed hospitals.
Hans Kluge, the World Health Organization’s European head, told a news conference in Vienna that within weeks Omicron would dominate in more countries of the region, “pushing already stretched health systems further to the brink”.
“We can see another storm coming,” Kluge said.
Omicron now accounts for 73 percent of all new cases in the US, up from less than 1 percent at the beginning of the month.
Speaking to Al Jazeera via Skype from Los Angeles, George Manson University’s Jennifer Victor said that two things stood out from Biden’s new COVID initiatives.
“One is a much more deliberate, full throated, full throttled policy response from the executive branch to respond to COVID,” Victor said.
“The second thing I think we’re seeing is the White House is using its public platform … and all of the media and control it can take over the public agenda to draw people’s attention to this issue, which I think is particularly notable.”
Countries weigh curbs
Germany, Scotland, Ireland, the Netherlands and South Korea are among countries to have reimposed partial or full lockdowns or other social distancing measures in recent days.
Portugal ordered nightclubs and bars to close and told people to work from home for at least two weeks from Saturday.
Nicola Sturgeon, first minister of Scotland – part of the United Kingdom but with devolved responsibilities for health – set out plans for further restrictions on big public events, including sports fixtures, for three weeks after Christmas.
“It will also mean unfortunately that large scale Hogmanay celebrations, including that planned here in our capital city [Edinburgh], will not proceed,” she said, referring to traditional Scottish New Year parties.
Chancellor Olaf Scholz said Germany will introduce new steps, including limiting private gatherings for vaccinated people to a maximum of 10 before New Year’s Eve. Scholz agreed with the premiers of the 16 federal states that big events, including football matches, would be without spectators.
Sweden will urge all employees to work from home if possible and impose tighter rules for social distancing.
“I understand that many are tired of this – so am I – but we now have a new virus variant, which means we are in a new situation,” said Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said he would not introduce new COVID-19 curbs in the UK before Christmas, but the situation remained extremely difficult and the government might need to act afterwards.
Finance minister Rishi Sunak announced 1 billion pounds ($1.3bn) of extra support for businesses hit hardest by Omicron, which is hammering the hospitality sector and other businesses.
New Zealand COVID-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkins said his country, which imposed some of the world’s strictest COVID-19 measures, was delaying the start of a staggered reopening of its border until the end of February.
“All of the evidence so far points to Omicron being the most transmissible COVID-19 variant yet,” he said.
But in Australia, where Omicron has surged but hospitalisations remain relatively low, Prime Minister Scott Morrison urged state and territory leaders to avoid further lockdowns.
The variant was first detected last month in southern Africa and Hong Kong and has been found in at least 89 countries.
The severity of illness it causes remains unclear, but the WHO warned it is spreading faster than the Delta variant and is causing infections in people already vaccinated or who have recovered from the COVID-19 disease.
More than 274 million people have been reported to be infected by the coronavirus globally since the pandemic began nearly two years ago. More than 5.65 million people have died.
Al Jazeera and news agencies